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Reader Response: Pat Mora and James Welch Reader Response: Keith Gilyard and Mourning Dove Inquiry: Rudolfo Anaya and James Baldwin Inquiry: Tomás Rivera and Esmeralda Santiago Cultural Studies: Ishmael Reed and Graciela Limón Cultural Studies: N. Scott Momaday and Russell Leong Critical Pedagogy: Octavia E. Butler and Ruthanne Lum McCunn Critical Pedagogy: Abiodun Oyewole and Lawson Fusao Inada
Theory Overview Lesson Plans Authors and Literary Works Resources
Session 7 Cultural Studies: Octavia E. Butler and Ruthanne Lum McCunn - Resources

Critical Pedagogy Theory
Teaching Strategies
Authors and Literary Works
Additional Resources


REFLECTION - Interactive Forum

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Authors and Literary Works

 Octavia Butler: Works by the Author
 Octavia Butler: Works about the Author
 Ruthanne Lum McCunn: Works by the Author
 Ruthanne Lum McCunn: Works about the Author

Octavia Butler

Works by the Author
Works about the Author

Works by the Author

Butler, Octavia E. Adulthood Rites: Xenogenesis. New York: Warner Books, 1988.
This novel tells the story of Akin, the first "construct," part human and part alien.

----. Bloodchild and Other Stories. New York: Four Walls Eight Windows, 1995.
A collection of stories and essays.

----. Clay's Ark. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1984.
The survivor of a spaceship crash unwittingly spreads an alien disease to the people of Earth.

----. Dawn. New York: Warner Books, 1987.
Humans are persuaded to mate with an alien race.

----. The Evening and the Morning and the Night. Eugene, OR: Pulphouse, 1991.
A genetic disease forces people to fight their own bodies.

----. Imago. New York: Warner Books, 1989.
This narrative is told by the first half-human, half-alien "construct."

----. Kindred. New York: Doubleday, 1979.
A Los Angeles woman travels to back in time to 1815 to save a small boy.

----. Lilith's Brood. New York: Aspect/Warner Books, 1989.
A nomadic alien species is driven to interbreed with humans.

----. Mind of My Mind. New York: Doubleday, 1977.
A telepath uses her mind to battle a despotic immortal.

----. Parable of the Sower. New York: Warner Books, 1993.
A young woman embarks on a quest to found a new society.

----. Parable of the Talents. New York: Warner Books, 2000.
This novel continues the tale of Parable of the Sower, following the saga of Lauren Olamina's Earthseed community.

----. Patternmaster. New York: Doubleday, 1976.
A member of an elite group of mentally-linked telepaths battles the group's leader for control.

----. Survivor. New York: Doubleday, 1978.
Human missionaries on a distant planet must confront the intermarriage of a human and a planet native.

----. Wild Seed. New York: Doubleday, 1980.
Two powerful shape-shifting beings become locked in a never-ending confrontation.


Works about the Author

Allison, Dorothy. "The Future of Female: Octavia Butler's Mother Lode." In Reading Black, Reading Feminist: A Critical Anthology, edited by Henry Louis Gates, Jr., 471-78. New York: Meridian, 1990.
Allison explores the ways in which Butler constructs "femaleness."

Antczak, Janice. "Octavia Butler: New Designs for a Challenging Future." In African-American Voices In Young Adult Literature, edited by Karen Patricia Smith. Metuchen, NJ: The Scarecrow Press, 1994.
Antczak considers Butler's dystopian visions.

Beal, Frances M. "Black Women and the Science Fiction Genre: Interview with Octavia Butler." Black Scholar, 17:2 (March 1986): 14-18.
This interview covers both biographical and creative issues.

Foster, Frances Smith. "Octavia Butler's Black Female Future Fiction." Extrapolation:A Journal of Science Fiction and Fantasy, 23:1 (Spring 1982): 37-49.
Foster gives an analysis of Butler's work.

Green, Michelle Erica. "There Goes the Neighborhood." In Utopian and Science Fiction by Women:Worlds of Difference, edited by Jane L. Donaworth and Carol A. Kolmerten, 169-75 Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1994.
This analytic essay focuses on Butler's fiction.

Kenan, Randall. "An Interview with Octavia Butler." Callaloo: A Journal of African-American Arts and Letters, 14:2 (Spring 1991): 495-504.

Levy, Michael. "Green SF and Eco Feminism." Originally published in IAFA Newsletter (Spring 1989). Reprinted in Science Fiction and Fantasy Book Review Annual, 1989 Edition, edited by Robert Collins and Robert Latham. Westport, CN: Meckler, 1990.
This article reviews the work of Octavia Butler, Nancy Kress, Pamela Sargent, and Sheri S. Tepper

McCaffery, Larry. Across the Wounded Galaxies:Interviews With Contemporary American Science Fiction Writers. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press, 1990; (54-70).
This interview with Octavia Butler focuses on her writing in the science fiction genre.

Raffel, Burton. "Genre to the Rear, Race and Gender to the Fore: The Novels of Octavia E. Butler." Literary Review, 38 (April 1, 1995): 454.
Raffel analyzes Butler's work in the context of contemporary fiction writing.

Salvaggio, Ruth. "Octavia Butler and the Black Science Fiction Heroine." Black American Literature Forum, 18:2 (1984): 78-81.
This critique examines Butler's construction of femaleness, and includes perspectives on race.

Shinn, Thelma J. "The Wise Witches: Black Women Mentors in the Fiction of Octavia Butler." In Conjuring: Black Women, Fiction, and Literary Tradition, edited by Marjorie Pryse and Hortense J. Spillers, 203-15. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1985.
This article addresses Butler's fiction and her characters.

Stevenson, Rosemary. "Butler, Octavia E." In Black Women in America, edited by Darlene Clark Hine, 208-10. Brooklyn, NY: Carlson Publishing, 1993.
Stevenson provides a brief biographical essay on Butler.

Zaki, Hoda. "Utopia, Dystopia, and Ideology in the Science Fiction of Octavia Butler." Science Fiction Studies, 17:2 (1990): 239-251.
Zaki provides an analysis of the kinds of worlds imagined in Butler's fiction.


Ruthanne Lum McCunn

Works by the Author
Works about the Author

Works by the Author

McCunn, Ruthanne Lum. An Illustrated History of the Chinese in America. San Francisco: Design Enterprises of San Francisco, 1979.
This accessible, visual story details the experiences of Chinese Americans from the time of the first immigrants to the present day.

----. Pie-Biter. San Francisco: Design Enterprises of San Francisco, 1983.
In this children's book, McCunn tells the story of Hoi, a Chinese immigrant with a great love of pies.

----. Thousand Pieces of Gold: A Biographical Novel. Boston: Beacon Press, 1988.

----. Wooden Fish Songs. Boston: Beacon Press, 1995.
This novel tells the story of Lue Gim Gong, a Chinese immigrant, as related by three women of different ethnic backgrounds.

----. Chinese Proverbs. San Francisco: Chronicle Books, 1991.
This bilingual book presents centuries of Chinese wisdom.

---. Chinese American Portraits:Personal Histories, 1828-1988. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1996.
The text provides a wide variety of biographical essays, all accompanied by black-and-white portraits.

---. The Moon Pearl. Boston: Beacon Press, 2000.
This novel tells the tales of the independent women who worked in the silk trade during the 19th century.

---. Sole Survivor:A Story of Record Endurance at Sea. Boston: Beacon Press, 1999.
This true story relates the 133-day lost-at-sea ordeal of Poon Lim, the only man who survived the torpedoing of the British ship Benlomond by a German submarine.

Film and Video

Thousand Pieces of Gold. Maverick Picture Company, 1990.
This film version, also written by McCunn, starred Chris Cooper and Rosalind Chao.


Works about the Author

Chin, Kathryn. "If you are Honest to History...." International Examiner, March 5, 1986. Discussion of McCunn and the issues at stake in historical fiction.

Gok, Forrest. "Ruthanne Lum McCunn: a Commitment to Historical Truth." East Wind, Spring/Summer, 1986.
Interview and article.

Hamilton, Mildred. "Revealing Rich History of Chinese-Americans." San Francisco Examiner, December 8, 1985.
Consideration of McCunn in context of other writers of historical fiction.

Keller, Nora Cobb. "McCunn Won't be Boxed in by Definitions." Honolulu Star Bulletin, July 26, 1993.
Interview and review.

Parkinson, Nicola. "Ruthanne: Eurasian and Proud of It." South China Morning Post, March 4, 1983.
Biographical article.

Raskin, Jonah. "McCunn Gives Voices to the Unheard." Santa Rosa Press Democrat, June 4, 1995.
Interview and article.

Seto, Mary. "An Interview with Author Ruthanne Lum McCunn." Sampan, January 1982.

Stein, Ruthe. "Inside Look at Growing Up As an Outsider." San Francisco Chronicle, September 21, 1983.
Interview and article.

Stix, Harriet. "Author Leads, Writes about a Double Life." Los Angeles Times, September 25, 1983.
Interview and article.

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