Teacher resources and professional development across the curriculum

Teacher professional development and classroom resources across the curriculum

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the expanding canon teaching multicultural literature
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Reader Response: Pat Mora and James Welch Reader Response: Keith Gilyard and Mourning Dove Inquiry: Rudolfo Anaya and James Baldwin Inquiry: Tomás Rivera and Esmeralda Santiago Cultural Studies: Ishmael Reed and Graciela Limón Cultural Studies: N. Scott Momaday and Russell Leong Critical Pedagogy: Octavia E. Butler and Ruthanne Lum McCunn Critical Pedagogy: Abiodun Oyewole and Lawson Fusao Inada
Theory Overview Lesson Plans Authors and Literary Works Resources
Session 5 Cultural Studies: Ishmael Reed and Graciela Limón - Resources

Cultural Studies Theory
Teaching Strategies
Authors and Literary Works
Additional Resources


REFLECTION - Interactive Forum

Explore two poems using four approaches.


Share your views on the discussion

Download the Session 5 Guide

Additional Resources

Allender, Dale. "Building a Schematic Bridge Across World Mythology and Multicultural Literature," Multicultural Review. March 2002, Vol. 11, Number 1.

Allender, Dale. "The Myth Ritual Theory and the Teaching of Multicultural Literature," English Journal. Illinois: NCTE, 2002.
This article teaches students about myth, ritual, and philosophy and its role in multicultural literature.

Andrews, W. (ed), et. al. The Oxford Companion to African American Literature. Oxford University Press, 1997.
This reference book is a source of information about African American writers and their literature.

Appiah, Kwame Anthony and Henry Louis Gates Jr (eds). The Dictionary of Global Culture. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, Inc., 1997.
This dictionary presents cultural information about societies from around the globe. It is distinctive in that it gives equal voice and space to non-Western, European, and North American societies. Regional experts from five continents, including non-Western and Western scholars who have studied other cultures, developed entries.

Berry, James R. and Rebecca Davis. The First Palm Trees: An Anancy Spiderman Story. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1997.
The West Indian trickster Anancy tries to persuade the spirits of Sun, Water, Earth, and Air to create the world's first palm trees so that he can collect a reward from the king.

Burciaga, Jose A. Spilling the Beans: Loteria Chicana. Santa Barbara: Joshua Odell Editions, 1995.
This collection of journalistic essays addresses various aspects of Chicano and Mexican culture.

Burciaga, Jose A. Drink Cultura: Chicanismo. Santa Barbara: Joshua Odell Editions, 1993.
This collection of short, humorous essays explores Chicano culture.

Courlander, Harold. "Hungry Spider and the Turtle" from The Cow-Tail Switch and Other West African Stories. New York: Henry Holt and Company, 1987.
An example of an African trickster tale.

Daniels, Harvey. Literature Circles: Voice and Choice in Book Clubs & Reading Groups. Portland: Stenhouse Publishers, 2002.
This offers strategies, tips and examples for using literature circles.

Deren, Maya. Divine Horsemen: The Living Gods of Haiti. Kingston, NY: McPherson & Co., 1984. (Film version, 54 minutes, 1947-1951, released 1977.)
An anthropological book exploring West African religion in Haiti.

Dunbar, Paul Laurence. "We Wear the Mask" from The Collected Poetry of Paul Laurence Dunbar. Charlottesville, VA: University of Virginia Press, 1993.
This classic African American poem explores identity and double consciousness.

Edwards, Gary and John Mason. Black Gods: Orisa Studies in the New World. Yoruba Theological Archministry, 1998.
This book explores Orishá, Orixá or Orisa, general terms for one of the many secondary deities in the Yoruba tradition. The Orishás may be personal spirits or general deities representing natural forces.

Fatunmbi, Awo Fa'Lokun. Esu-Elegba: Ifa and the Divine Messenger.*com/art_esu.html
This article explores the spiritual force of Esu and helps to give a broader understanding of Esu as a force in nature.

Ford, Clyde W. The Hero With an African Face: Mythic Wisdom of Traditional Africa. New York: Bantam Doubleday Dell Publishing, 2000.
This collection of African myths tells of the creation of the world, the hero's journey, and our relationship with nature, death, and resurrection. These tales come from the Ashanti people in areas including Uganda and the Congo. They explore themes of grief, love, creation, destiny, and personal discovery.

Grobman, Laurie. Teaching at the Crossroads: Cultures and Critical Perspectives in Literature by Women of Color. San Francisco: Aunt Lute Books, 2001.
This book offers strategies for teaching literature by women of color.

Hamilton, Virginia. A Ring of Tricksters: Animal Tales From America, the West Indies, and Africa. New York: Scholastic Press, 1997.
This is a collection of 12 trickster tales that shows the migration of African culture to the Americas via the West Indies.

Harris, Joel Chandler (as retold by). The Story of Brer Rabbit and the Wonderful Tar Baby. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1990.
This is a version of the classic African American folktale.

Hughes, Langston and Arna Bontemps, eds. Book of Negro Folklore. New York: Dodd, Mead, & Co., 1958.
This classic piece of African American folklore was edited by premiere Harlem Renaissance writers.

Hurston, Zora Neale. Mules and Men. New York: HarperPerennial, 1935.
Folklorist Roger Abrahams calls this "simply the most exciting book on Black folklore and culture I have ever read."

Hurston, Zora Neale. The Sanctified Church. Berkeley: Turtle Island, 1981.
This anthropological collection of stories focuses on observances and rituals in the African American South.

Jolley, Susan Arpajian. "The Use of Slave Narratives in a High School English Class," English Journal. Illinois: NCTE, 2002.
This teacher shows how she incorporates nonfiction work into her high school curriculum.

Marcos, Subcomandante. The Story of Colors (La Historia de los Colores). Mexico: Ediciones Colectivo Callejero, 1996.
This folktale in English and Spanish from the jungles of Chiapas has illustrations by Mayan artist Domitila Domånguez.

Masden, D (ed). Post-Colonial Literatures: Expanding the Canon. London: Pluto Press, 1999.
This collection of essays explores multicultural American literature through a post-colonial lens.

Oliver, Eileen. Crossing the Mainstream: Multicultural Perspectives in Teaching Literature. Illinois: National Council of Teachers of English, 1994.
This book offers a consideration of curriculum development, teaching strategies, and literary questions for multicultural texts.

Owomoyela, Oyekan. Yoruba Trickster Tales. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1997.
This volume offers a representative collection of 23 trickster tales that introduce the folk culture of the Yoruba tribe of West Africa. These Yoruba trickster tales come out of the tradition of evening storytelling, a popular form of entertainment in traditional African societies.

Roberts, John W. From Trickster to Badman: The Black Folk Hero in Slavery and Freedom. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1989.
This work demonstrates how African American folk heroes and stories about them are part of a creative process meaningful only when viewed from the vantage point of the cultural values of people of African descent in America.

Salaam, Yusef. Brer Rabbit Escapes Again, or Brer Fox Bites off More Than He Can Chew, from Brotherman: The Odyssey of Black Men in America. Boyd, Herb and Robert Allen (eds). New York: Ballantine Books, 1996.
In this short work, Yusef Salaam liberally applies stories from this African American folk hero in a contemporary urban setting. Teacher Betty Tillman Samb uses the story intertextually in a literature circle with Ishmael Reed's "Railroad Bill, A Conjure Man."

Scheub, Harold. A Dictionary of African Mythology: The Mythmaker as Storyteller. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000.
This is one of the most recent books on myth from the African continent by a celebrated scholar.

Tedlock, D (trans). Popol Vuh: The Definitive Edition of the Mayan Book of the Dawn of Life and the Glories of Gods and Kings. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1985.
A translation of the Mayan book of cosmology, this volume contains commentary based on the ancient knowledge of the modern Quiche Maya.

Thompson, Robert Farris. Black Gods and Kings: Yoruba Art at UCLA. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1976.
This book highlights Thompson's exhibit of African art at the UCLA Fowler Museum of Cultural History in Los Angeles, California.

Thompson, Robert Farris. Flash of the Spirit: African and Afro-American Art and Philosophy. New York: Random House, 1984.
Thompson, an art historian/critic, explores West African mythological motifs in African art.

Ugorji, Okechukwu K. The Adventures of Torti: Tales from West Africa. Africa World Press, 1991.
This book describes the escapades of a grand old tortoise in Africa known for his wisdom and games.

Willis, Arlette Ingram. Teaching and Using Multicultural Literature in Grades 9-12. Norwood, NJ: Christopher Gordon Publishers, 1998.
A guide to teaching multicultural literature in the high school classroom.

Chiapas and the Women
Visit this site for a collection of documents concerning the presence and condition of women in the Chiapas conflict.

500 Years of Oppression
This project concerns the war that the Zapatista army declared on the Mexican government on January 1, 1994. The site includes information on the Zapatistas, American involvement in the conflict, neo-liberalism, the North American Free Trade Agreement, and links to a wealth of related resources.


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