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the expanding canon teaching multicultural literature
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Reader Response: Pat Mora and James Welch Reader Response: Keith Gilyard and Mourning Dove Inquiry: Rudolfo Anaya and James Baldwin Inquiry: Tomás Rivera and Esmeralda Santiago Cultural Studies: Ishmael Reed and Graciela Limón Cultural Studies: N. Scott Momaday and Russell Leong Critical Pedagogy: Octavia E. Butler and Abiodun Oyewole Critical Pedagogy: Abiodun Oyewole and Lawson Fusao Inada
Theory Overview Lesson Plans Authors and Literary Works Resources
Session 2 Reader Response: Keith Gilyard and Mourning Dove - Resources

Reader-Response Theory
Teaching Strategies
Authors and Literary Works
Additional Resources


REFLECTION - Interactive Forum

Explore two poems using four approaches.


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Authors and Literary Works

 Keith Gilyard: Works by the Author
 Keith Gilyard: Works about the Author
 Mourning Dove: Works by the Author
 Mourning Dove: Works about the Author

Keith Gilyard

Works by the Author
Works about the Author

Works by the Author

Gilyard, Keith. American 40. New York: Marie Brown Associates, 1993.
American 40 is Gilyard's first book of poetry.

----. Let's Flip the Script: An African American Discourse on Language, Literature, and Learning. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1996.
This collection of 11 essays is Gilyard's attempt to shift the discourse, or "flip the script," on how language resonates politically in the classroom, particularly in English and writing instruction. Essays on the work of Lisa Delpit and on Hernstein and Murray's The Bell Curve are included along with autobiographical reflections on the author's career as a teacher and learner.

---. Poemographies. Camden, New Jersey: Whirlwind Press, 2001.

----. Voices of the Self: A Study of Language Competence. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1991.
By alternating chapters of vivid stories from his own childhood and education with chapters that examine sociolinguistic research, Gilyard explores the language experience of African American children in public schools, and the tension between "Black English" and Standard English as it plays out in classrooms.

---- (ed). Spirit and Flame: An Anthology of Contemporary African American Poetry. New York: Syracuse University Press, 1997.
With more than 200 pieces by new and established black voices, this anthology contains works on a wide range of African American experiences, from slavery to the Million Man March.


Works about the Author

Andrews, W. (ed), et al. The Oxford Companion to African American Literature. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997.
This reference book is a source of information about black writers and their literature.

Dwyer D.J. "Let's Flip the Script: An African American Discourse on Language, Literature, and Learning by Gilyard, K." Modern Language Journal, 82:3 (Fall 1998): 421-422.
This article focuses on Keith Gilyard's scholarship.

Reginald, Martin. "Current Thought in African-American Literary Criticism: An Introduction." College English, 52:7 (November 1990): 727-731.
This article focuses on Keith Gilyard's scholarship.

Soliday, Mary. "Translating Self and Difference Through Literacy Narratives." College English , 56:5 (September 1994): 511-526.
This article focuses on Keith Gilyard's scholarship.

Tinberg, H. "Race, Rhetoric, and Composition by Gilyard, K." College English, 63:3 (January 2001): 353-360.
This article focuses on Keith Gilyard's scholarship.


Mourning Dove

Works by the Author
Works about the Author

Works by the Author

Mourning Dove. Cogewea, the Half-Blood: A Depiction of the Great Montana Cattle Range, edited by Dexter Fisher. Lincoln, NE and London: University of Nebraska Press, 1981.
Cogewea mixes elements of traditional Native American storytelling with dime-store novel melodrama and details from Mourning Dove's own life. Describing the struggles of a Native American woman in a non-Native culture, it explores the themes of conflicted identity that Mourning Dove herself faced. Cogewea is controversial because of the possible influence of her editor, L.V. McWhorter, whom some believe rewrote sections of the novel to add anthropologic, ethnographic, and dramatic elements.

----. Coyote Stories, edited by Jay Miller. Lincoln, NE and London: University of Nebraska Press, 1990.
This is a collection of legends and traditional Salish stories told by the elders on the Colville Reservation. Mourning Dove transcribed these tales, which focus on the Coyote trickster figure.

----. Mourning Dove: A Salishan Autobiography, edited by Jay Miller. Lincoln, NE and London: University of Nebraska Press, 1990.
Mourning Dove left the manuscript of her autobiography in the attic of her friend and collaborator Heister Dean Guie, a newspaper editor and illustrator, who died before having read it. Guie's wife eventually discovered it and worked to have it published. Editor Jay Miller profoundly shaped this autobiography and published it 54 years after Mourning Dove's death. In it, she vividly evokes tribal life, rites, ceremonies, and traditions, and illuminates her own family history.


Works about the Author

Bloom, Harold (ed). Native American Women Writers. Philadelphia: Chelsea House Publishers, 1998.
This general introduction features several articles about Mourning Dove.

Finn, Janet L. "Ella Cara Deloria and Mourning Dove: Writing for Cultures, Writing Against the Grain." In Women Writing Culture, edited by Ruth Behar and Deborah A. Gordon. Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1996.
This article reflects on Mourning Dove's writing in the context of her various cultural affiliations.

Fisher, Dexter. "The Transformation of Tradition: A Study of Zitkala Sa and Mourning Dove, Two Transitional American Indian Writers." In Critical Essays on American Literature, edited by Andrew Wiget: 202-11. Boston: Hall, 1985.
This article focuses on Mourning Dove's use of Native American traditions in her literature.

Miller, Jay. "Mourning Dove: Editing in All Directions to 'Get Real'." Studies in American Indian Literatures, 7:2 (Summer 1995): 65-72.
This article considers Mourning Dove's work from an historical perspective.

Pace, B.G. "The Choice to Write: Mourning Dove's Search for Survival." In Old West-New West: Centennial Essays, edited by Barbara H. Meldrum: 261-71. Moscow, ID: University of Idaho Press, 1993.
This article considers Mourning Dove's writing from a biographical perspective.

Six, Beverly G. "Mourning Dove (Hum-ishu-ma) (Christine Quintasket) 1882?-1936." In American Women Writers, 1900-1945: A Bio-Bibliographical Critical Sourcebook, edited by Laurie Champion: 252-57. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 2000.
This chapter offers a concise, bibliographic essay on Mourning Dove.

How Can I Keep on Singing? Moving Images Video Project
This film is a tribute to both the pioneering and Native American women in the West at the turn of the last century. The program was inspired by the Pulitzer Prize-nominated poetry of Jana Harris. Stories about indigenous women are drawn from the published work of Jeannette Armstrong of the Penticton Indian Band and from the autobiography of Mourning Dove. Available on VHS: 1-800-555-9815 or www.filmakers.com

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