Teacher resources and professional development across the curriculum

Teacher professional development and classroom resources across the curriculum

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Discovering Psychology logo
Program 9: Remembering and Forgetting
History of Psychology
Research Methods
The Human Brain
Human Development
Therapeutic Approaches
link to Series Glossary
link to Series Glossary
Link to Series Who's Who

Key Terms for Program 9: Remembering and Forgetting

Chunking: The process of taking single items of information and collecting them based on similarity, association, or other organizing principles, into larger wholes.

Classical Conditioning: A form of learning in which behavior or conditional response comes to be elicited by a stimulus that has acquired its power through an association with a biological stimulus, such as food, or repetition. Also called Pavlovian conditioning, after the Russian physiologist, Ivan Petrovich Pavlov, whose experiments with dogs revolutionized the concept of memory and response.

Engram: The hypothesized chemical change in the brain resulting from the storing of memory information; also called memory traces.

Functional Amnesia: A severe type of memory loss caused by psychological factors such as anxiety, hysteria, or repression.

Mnemonic: Technique or device used to aid in memorization.

Organic Amnesia: A permanent form of memory loss, resulting from biological devastation to the brain, such as disease, alcoholism, chemical poisoning, and senility.

Repression: Freudian theory of expelling or excluding painful thoughts or memories from conscious awareness by storing them in the subconscious.

Serial Position Effect: A characteristic of retrieval in which a person's recall of first and last items in a list is better than recall of other items.



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